How to quickly and reliably cure warts on a child’s skin?
The main cause of warts in children and adults is the human papillomavirus. There are several options for it, which for the most part lead to the same result. Large formations appear on the skin. In dermatology, papilloma (wart) refers to a skin defect with the following properties:
- it rises above the surrounding skin (except for flat warts, they rarely occur in a child);
- it coincides with the skin tone of the patient, it may be darker, extremely rarely, lighter;
- it has clear boundaries;
- it is painless, non-inflammatory, it locates on the healthy skin.
Papillomaviruses affect not only the epidermis but also the mucous membranes (oral cavity, nose, respiratory tract, genitals). The virus is quite common in a population of people. It may not manifest itself for a long time, and if the immunity of an infected person is strong enough, then a spontaneous cure is possible. In children, this happens quite rarely. The immune system is not ready to fight with the virus, and the wart becomes chronic.
Ways of infection
Before removing a wart, it is necessary not only to cure the virus in a child but also to track down possible ways of infection and prevent them. Another person is the only source of the virus. The patient or the carrier of the virus himself may be unaware of what constitutes a danger. It can be both a child and an adult. Animals can’t perform the role of the source of the virus.
The most common way of spreading the virus in children is the contact type. The infection is transmitted when using common toys and hygiene items, dishes. Therefore, children are often infected in organized groups. In healthy children, infection is asymptomatic, the virus is in the body, but can not multiply. Papillomas appear in weak children.
A more dangerous way of developing warts in a child is the vertical path of transmission. In such a case, the virus moves from the tissues of a pregnant woman to the fetus. A child is born with congenital papillomas, which can spread not only to the skin but also affect the larynx and trachea, disturbing the baby’s breath.
Immunocompromised children are at the most risk. Their protective system cannot cope with the ingress of the virus. Children of sick mothers or children from dysfunctional families whose parents are sexually promiscuous are almost always infected. Children who are not taught to use only their hygiene items, as well as children who went to kindergarten early, are more often infected. The younger a child is, the greater the risk that the papillomavirus will manifest in his body.
The symptoms of warts in a child are quite easy to identify. Large formations appear on the skin that is clearly visible. Most often, they only cause aesthetic inconvenience, and if they are on those areas of the body that are usually hidden by clothes, they are rarely paid attention to.
Warts on the mucous membranes (most often on the nose and in the mouth) are manifested by a violation of nasal breathing, a decrease in the smell, a feeling of nasal congestion. In the mouth, they violate diction, interfere with chewing, may be injured when chewing food and talking. They can be seen when examining the oral cavity.
Warts in the larynx of the trachea cannot be cured at home. These pathogens may be asymptomatic if they are solitary and small in size. Large or multiple warts in the airways make it difficult to breathe, sometimes to the point that there is a threat to the life of the baby. They are typical for newborns.
There are more than 50 types of papillomavirus, all of them differ in genetic features. But the type of pathogen does not always correlate with the appearance of the formations on the skin. Viruses of different types can cause papillomas of the same type. The classification of viruses is important for determining cancer risk. Most of them have a low risk, but some can cause a malignant degeneration of the epidermis and mucous membranes.
Therefore, papillomas are often classified depending on the appearance, and not on the cause. There are the following types:
- common (vulgar) warts — large flesh-colored formations;
- flat warts almost never rise above the skin, possess a lighter tone;
- filamentous warts most often affect the oral cavity;
- the plantar type looks like dry corn;
- genital warts in children are rare, mainly in newborns in the larynx.
The type and location of the wart depend on how often it is exposed to external influences that can lead to complications.
Features in children
A wart on a finger or toe in a child is often associated by parents with unwashed hands, neglect, and household untidiness. This is not so. The problem is usually in low immunity. In children, warts are often combined with herpes or colds.
There are many ways to treat warts on a child’s leg, hand, or face. To save the baby from unpleasant phenomena, an integrated approach to treatment is necessary, which will eliminate both the virus and unpleasant external consequences. In the course of treatment, consultation with an oncologist is obligatory. In some cases, warts are prone to malignant degeneration.
This is the most reliable way to get rid of papillomas in different skin areas. Antiviral drugs (interferon, aciclovir) in the form of tablets and ointments for the affected skin are prescribed to the patient. To strengthen the immune system, the treatment is supplemented with immunomodulators and vitamin complexes. As a result, the reproduction of the virus stops, the already existing viral units are destroyed, new papillomas cease to form. Already existing formations are reduced in size or disappear completely.
In the absence of large papillomas, antiviral treatment of warts is enough for the disease to be completely cured. It is prescribed in any case, if papillomas are found in the baby. Surgical methods of treatment are only effective if the virus is destroyed.
Cauterization of the wart is also used. For this purpose, antiviral substances are applied to its surface — Verrugon and others. For several sessions they allow you to remove the wart of the child. The only condition is that it is impossible for the product to get on healthy skin, in this case, a chemical burn is possible. This is one of the reasons why these products are used mainly in adults.
Surgical treatment is used when there are large ugly papillomas or skin lesions, so they are constantly injured (for example, a wart on the foot of a child, in the area of a collar or belt, sleeves, underwear gum). It is most effective in combination with antiviral treatment. Otherwise, new warts will have to be removed permanently.
The most effective and modern method is laser removal of the wart. This procedure is carried out quickly and takes only 15-20 minutes. The essence of the method is that a focused laser affects the skin defect, the damaged tissues evaporate, and in their place, a slight erosion remains. After it heals, the skin remains completely clean.
A less common way to remove a wart is cryodestruction. In this case, liquid nitrogen acts on the skin. The method of efficiency is somewhat inferior to laser removal but can be used in cases where the laser is contraindicated. Other methods for quick and painless removal are the radio frequency method.
Complications and predictions
Papillomas rarely become causes of serious disorders in the body. Even if they are multiple, their harm is most associated with aesthetics problems than with the danger to health. Nevertheless, a large number of papillomas is a signal that the child’s immune system is not coping with the load, and measures should be taken to avoid more serious health problems.
One of the dangers that warts can carry is inflammation. This is especially true for warts on the feet of children and pathological formations in areas that are constantly rubbed with clothes. Damage to the wart creates conditions for the penetration of infection and the development of boils, erysipelas or phlegmon.
Another danger of permanent trauma to papilloma is the risk of malignant degeneration. A wart is the result of excessive cell division, and if it is forced to constantly restore its integrity, there is the risk that the process will get out of control. Other dangers include sun exposure, cosmetic treatments, and chemical exposure. Before removing a wart, you need to consult with an oncologist.
However, if you go through antiviral treatment in time and remove warts that pose the greatest danger, then the prognosis is favorable — the patient recovers, skin defects stop appearing, and the danger to life is completely eliminated.
There are several preventive measures that will help your child avoid infection. The first and most important thing: when planning a pregnancy, future parents need to be screened for HPV and, if necessary, cured. During pregnancy, this examination is repeated several times.
Secondly, the child should be inculcated with hygiene skills from an early age, accustom him to use only his own hygienic objects, and wash his hands after coming from the street or kindergarten. The most reliable means is to strengthen the child’s immunity with proper nutrition, physical activity, and hardening.
If papillomas appear, then timely removal of warts with a laser and treatment of the virus will help to avoid serious problems.