Contact dermatitis of unspecified etiology occurs at any age. Basically, adults and adolescents with pathologies of the immune system are susceptible to this disease. In children, predisposition to similar diseases is manifested by exudative diathesis. Treatment of contact dermatitis may require a lot of time and effort since the most obvious method is not always effective.
Seborrheic dermatitis can occur in adults and children. It appears in the places of concentration of the sebaceous glands. It is better not to delay the treatment of such a disease and start it from the initial stage, at the first appearance of dandruff, itching. In this regard, the experience of previous generations in the use of folk remedies made from medicinal herbs is very useful.
This article describes the signs of the disease, how to get rid of it, which medicines and treatment methods are best to help, and what needs to be done to prevent the occurrence of seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp.
Children’s seborrheic dermatitis is a wide-spread deviation from the normal condition of the skin. It has a negative biological value for the child’s body, slows down adaptation to new conditions of existence. Inflammation of the skin is usually characteristic of newborns during the first 3 months of life. But it happens with older children.
Violation of the concentration of chemical components of subcutaneous fat affects the change in the activity of the sebaceous glands. The result of excessive or insufficient secretion is seborrheic dermatitis on the face. To overcome this disease, it is important to seek medical attention in time.
Scales on the scalp can appear in infants during the 1st year of life. Such kind of formation can occur in other parts of the body as well. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants is caused by inflammation of the epidermis and abnormal functioning of the sebaceous glands, which is not formed yet.
It is clear that an increase in the secretory activity of the sebaceous glands, triggered by malfunctions in the process of fat formation under the skin and changes in its chemical composition, causes inflammation of the skin. It is accompanied by desquamation, reddening of areas and itching of damaged skin. These processes are called seborrheic dermatitis.
Some skin diseases have similarities, so sometimes there is confusion in the definition of illness. A sebaceous cyst is similar to the lipoma, fibromyoma. In fact, this is an inflammation of the sebaceous gland, leading to the formation of a cyst. Surgical treatment is the only possible way to get rid of it.
The article discusses rosacea. The main symptom of this pathology is the manifestation of a rash, localized mainly on the lips and nostrils. In rare cases, a rash also appears on the eyelids and in the genital area. Despite the fact that the disease does not pose a threat to life, it causes considerable psychological discomfort and has a tendency to a protracted course. Therefore, it is important to know the first symptoms of rosacea. This will allow you to consult a dermatologist in time and avoid complications.
How to deal with seborrheic dermatitis? This requires a comprehensive multi-faceted approach. It is necessary to provide the body with all the necessary substances to combat the disease, create a safe environment for the affected skin, and eliminate irritating factors. Only against this background, etiotropic and pathogenetic treatment will be effective.
Perioral dermatitis (PD for this article) is an unpleasant disease, which affects the oral cavity. Its symptoms can last for years if the careful treatment was not conducted timely and dermatitis has been transformed into the chronic form. However, there are lots of ways to avoid such a harmful illness.
Parents are often faced with the need to remove the wart from the skin of their child. They are especially worried if the defect is located in a prominent place — on the face, neck or hands. But often such attempts are ineffectual, and new papillomas appear in other places. What to do to avoid this problem?
In ICD-10 the disease hidradenitis is marked as L73.2. This is an inflammatory process in the sweat glands, which is most often caused by bacteria and disorders of the gland itself.
Inflammation of the skin with seborrheic dermatitis neutralizes the ability of the skin to play the role of defender of the body surface. The affected areas become easily permeable to medicinal substances and to pathogens. This feature is used by doctors to localize the foci of inflammation of the skin with ointments and creams.
The skin of a person is a very sensitive part of the body that reacts both external and internal factors. Due to their effects, the skin becomes inflamed, the first signs of dermatitis appear. Ignoring the diagnosis of the disease leads to its spread to most parts of the body, which complicates the treatment process.
Inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands leads to the acne. It can be accompanied by the rash. Almost every person on earth has experienced it. The disease especially clearly manifests itself in adolescence, when the hormones actively develop.
Dermatitis — a violation of the skin structure
Dermatitis — a violation of the skin structure
Dermatitis is the lesion of the skin, that occurs under the influence of biological, chemical or physical factors. The main reasons are heredity, an activity of pathogenic bacteria, stress, allergic reactions, burns, ecology.
Characteristics of the disease
ЭThe etiology of dermatitis may be different. It is important to define it correctly. It depends not only on the success of the struggle against the disease but also on the extent of the body damage during the clinical period. With timely treatment, dermatitis can pass without a trace. But bringing it to the neglected state can cause severe complications. It will take a long time to get rid of them because bringing the body homeostasis back to normal is not an easy task.
The main factors for the development of dermatitis
- Abnormal air temperature (severe cold or heat).
- Ultraviolet radiation (sunburn).
- Injuries to the skin due to the electric current.
- Allergies to pollen, animal fur.
- Increased radiation.
- The reaction to the bites of ticks, mosquitoes, bees, wasps.
- Contact with aggressive household chemicals, inhalation of harmful fumes.
- Harmful or cheap cosmetics, perfumery.
- Contact with alkalis and acids.
- Construction and repair materials, such as glue, putty, paints, enamels, solvents, low-quality artificial coatings, drywall with the addition of toxic substances can lead to dermatitis.
- Intolerance of individual drug components.
- Genetic heredity.
- Weak immunity.
- Transferred illness, the presence of chronic ailments.
- An activity of harmful microorganisms.
- Stressful situations that provoke emotional disturbances.
- Difficult living conditions that adversely affect the psyche and nervous system.
Symptoms of the disease
Dermatitis can occur on the face and other parts of the body. It can be recognized by the main clinical signs:
- Redness of the skin. If dermatitis is chronic, this symptom may be absent.
- The sensation of burning increase the temperature of the affected areas of the body.
- Rash. Its distribution and localization may be different, in accordance with the type of disease.
- During the period of exacerbation, skin formations become weeping.
- The skin becomes coarse in places of formed blisters.
- Peeling foci of the disease.
There are several types of dermatitis with specific features, but they are united by common signs: the affected skin area has clear boundaries; with the elimination of the stimulus, the disease recedes.
The forms of the disease are acute, subacute and chronic.
Kinds of disease:
- Contact dermatitis is a simple form resulting from contact with stimuli.
- Allergic dermatitis is a contactless form caused by a reaction to allergens.
- Atopic dermatitis is the result of exposure to allergens or genetic heredity, characterized by persistent itching. It can be diagnosed in adults and children.
- Seborrheic dermatitis is the result of a violation of the process of sebum production, exposure to fungi.
Types of disease:
Diagnosis of dermatitis
To determine the diagnosis, a medical examination of the condition of the skin is carried out; a study of scales taken from affected areas; allergy, blood testing.
To get rid of dermatitis, it is first necessary to get rid of external irritants first.
Further treatment of dermatitis in adults and children involves the use of local therapy with lotions, baths, ointments, creams. Drug therapy includes the appointment of desensitizing agents, antihistamines, vitamins.
In severe forms of the disease more radical measures are taken, like blood transfusion, intravenous plasma infusion.
An important element of the course of treatment is diet, which is appointed by the doctor individually.