Weeping dermatitis — features, treatment, prophylaxis
Distinctive features of skin pathology
The skin undergoes destructive processes, as a result of which erosions, wounds, sores with secretions of ichor and pus appear. The disease can affect people of any age and gender, this is where its main features lie.
Weeping dermatitis gives the patient a lot of trouble, the feeling of pain, burning, and itching. All these details negatively affect the psychological state, as a result of which complexes and depressions appear. This is a productive ground for failures in the work of internal organs and systems, including the skin.
Causes, triggers, and types of WD
When the digestive system is unstable, a person suffers from the accumulation of toxins that are not removed from the body. In addition, the intestine loses the ability to assimilate nutrients, unable to break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Gastrointestinal dysfunction is reflected in the condition of the skin and becomes one of the main internal causes of weeping dermatitis. Disorders of the activity of the pancreas, thyroid, liver, and kidneys can also be attributed to the category of motivating factors. Genetic predisposition provoking atopic WD is also considered as an internal cause.
External factors include:
- Strong experiences can lead to stress, emotional failures, depression.
- Allergies to a certain food.
- Side effects of pharmacological drugs, in particular, of individual components that are intolerable by the body.
- Harmful evaporation, contact with toxic chemicals that can penetrate deep into the dermis.
- Infection with fungi or harmful bacteria that are in the skin folds.
- Mechanical effects on the skin with the appearance of scratches and microcracks create ideal conditions for the development of pathogenic microbes. These may be ordinary injuries, and results of friction between skin fold or near the edges of clothes.
- Adverse ecological background.
The considered type of disease is divided into such types for reasons of occurrence:
- Professional — associated with harmful working conditions that can cause skin disease.
- Bacterial — pathogens act as pathogenic microorganisms.
- Fungal — the name itself does not require comments.
- Household — interaction with aggressive chemicals used in everyday life.
The classification of the disease involves many species and subspecies, among which weeping atopic dermatitis poses a serious danger and is difficult to treat. This disease has hereditary causes, the likelihood of transmission to the child increases significantly if both parents have skin problems.
The main trigger mechanisms include:
- Dysfunction of the central and/or peripheral nervous system.
- Consumption of rare, exotic food.
- Relocation associated with moving to a different geographic zone with dramatic climate change.
- Direct contact and/or accommodation close to pets.
- Components of cosmetics.
- Pollen plants.
- Helminth infestation.
Symptoms of WD and diagnosis
Inflammation of the skin, which penetrates deep into, forms the foci of the disease, that are characterized by such signs:
- On the top layer of skin rash appears (vesicles).
- The appearance of bubbles with blood or purulent (when infected) content.
- Swelling at the site of redness.
For adult patients, large-scale lesions are characteristic with the appearance of blisters that ooze, the crusts constantly crack, then turn into ulcers and/or eczema. Most often, these manifestations are observed:
- In the folds of the body.
- On the backs of the hands and feet.
- In the area of the ankles.
- On the elbow and knee folds.
- On the skin of the face and neck.
The patient feels a burning sensation, tightness of the skin, the affected places incessantly itch and soak. This gives a person not only physical suffering but also a negative effect on the neuro-psychological state.
Children have similar symptoms, but depending on the age group, the course of the disease is different. Newborns and up to one year kids may have oozing spots, blisters, scaling and itching. In cases of infants, the disease is quickly treatable and leaves no traces.
Фото мокнущего дерматита грудничков:
As for babies from 3 to 12 years old, WD proceeds in much the same way as in newborns, but edema, redness, and painful erosion are added to the symptoms listed. The treatment does not give a quick effect, in order to achieve complete recovery, it will take a lot of time.
Мокнущий атопический дерматит у детей на фото:
In adolescence (13-18 years), due to hormonal imbalances characteristic of the period of sexual development, the disease can occur spontaneously and disappear in the same way.
It is very important to correctly diagnose WD because of the quality of treatment and the result depends on it.
During the examination, the doctor studies the nature of the symptoms and makes a preliminary diagnosis. In order to avoid mistakes, a sample of skin tissue is carried out in places of pathology, the composition of blood is examined. After analyzing the obtained history, the doctor confirms the presence or ascertains the absence of WD.
It is very important to determine the exact cause of the disease in order to make the right decision about the specialists to participate in the treatment. A dermatologist, an allergist, genetics or an infectious disease specialist help can be used.
Complexity of treatment
Doctors have developed an algorithm according to which a patient is prescribed a treatment course. It presents the following activities in the following sequence:
- Eliminate annoying factors, triggers, and other external causes.
- Compliance with a special diet.
- Drug treatment with tablets or other drugs taken inside (injections, droppers).
- The use of external drugs.
- Physical procedures.
WD on the hands and other parts of the body in adults requires treatment with antihistamines and medicines that eliminate inflammation, itching, and pain. The most effective include such tablets as Clemastine, Claritin, Allegra.
Hormonal ointments are shown to patients who have not received the desired effect from the previously prescribed drugs. Flixotide, Medrol, Flucort-N, Aclovate are among them.
Sudocrem, Skin-cap cream, Desitin are used to treat children suffering from WD because they need agents with minimal side effects.
When developing a treatment program, many factors are taken into account related to the cause of WD, age, individual characteristics of the patient.
If the nervous system is the one to blame for the occurrence of the illness, the sedative medicines are mandatory for such a patient:
- Valerian tablets or tincture.
Such patients are also not recommended to use products containing caffeine. You’ll have to forget about your favorite coffee and strong tea, even in the morning. Bad habits such as smoking or drinking alcohol must be eradicated.
WD, which appears on the background of a disordered digestive system, is recommended to be treated with probiotics. This type of disease can be exacerbated, if the next products are not excluded:
- Oranges, tangerines, apricots, strawberries.
- Chocolate and cocoa.
- Whole milk.
- Spicy, fried dishes.
Greens, vegetables, fruits, dairy products should prevail in the diet. A nursing mother should follow a diet as well.
Oozing wounds respond well to healing with compresses using potassium permanganate, boric acid, and saline. Then you can enhance the therapeutic effect with chloramphenicol paste.
Dried wounds turn into crusts, which are recommended to be lubricated with Levomecol or carbolfuchsin mixture. In order to prevent infection, treatment with iodine is allowed only on the edge of the wound. Otherwise, the inflammation may increase in size due to the destruction of the epithelium under the influence of alcohol.
When using external dosage forms, it is necessary to take into account an important nuance. Some ointments and creams are indicated for moist wounds, others for dry ones. If you miss this moment, you can either not achieve the result at all, or provoke an exacerbation. Such a case is another confirmation of the importance of consulting a doctor, and a reminder of responsibility for your own health.
Small bubbles need to be open, but only with the participation of a medical specialist. Self-treatment may not have the most desirable consequences. Under sterile inpatient conditions, a dermatologist performs an autopsy procedure, then treats the sore spot with antiseptic preparations.
At the final stage, physiotherapeutic methods are shown, they help to consolidate the achieved results of previous therapy:
- Laser irradiation.
- Magnet therapy.
- Therapeutic mud treatment.
Traditional medicine tips
In nature, there are thousands of species of medicinal plants that save people from infection, stop the pain, heal wounds. These herbs can be used to prepare infusions, which will help to solve the problem of prolonged weeping dermatitis.
Chamomile with oak bark
Equal parts of crushed bark and chamomile are mixed with pour hot water in an enamel bowl. Then the mass has to be cooked on barely noticeable heat for about 20 minutes. After half an hour of infusion, you can begin to wipe the dermatitis wounds.
Hops and sage
An infusion made from the collection of plants such as marigold, sage, string, hops is also quite good for compresses and wiping the affected areas.
If the wounds began to ooze stronger, a homogeneous mass of raw potatoes, placed in a bag of gauze, will accelerate drying. It is attached to the sore spot for the whole night.
Crushed flowers, stems, and leaves (2 tbsp.) are mixed with purified vegetable oil (200 g), Hold the mass for 5 days in a dark room, then transfer it in a well-lit room for one month. Strained medicated oil is poured into a bottle of opaque glass. It is used for the treatment of wounds and cracks.
Vinca petals bath
The petals of the plant (2 tbsp.) are mixed with two cups of water and boiled for a quarter of an hour. It can be used as compresses or to prepare a therapeutic bath.
For adult patients and for children, preventive measures have much in common:
- Personal hygiene.
- Full nutrition.
- Elimination of irritants of different nature (physical, natural, chemical, food).
- Control of the internal organs and systems.
As for infants, you can add a healthy diet of a nursing mother (exclude onion, garlic, rich broth, radish, spices from the diet). You also have to apply the right body care for the child, and regular walks in the fresh air.
For adults, special recommendations are as follows:
- Active lifestyle.
- Waiver of harmful habits.
- Attentive attitude to the physical condition. You have to visit a doctor at the first symptoms appear.
- Do not self-medicate.